Identity and Performance in Angela Carter’s ‘Nights at the Circus’

In her novel, Nights at the Circus, Angela Carter uses ideas of performance to discuss identity. Inherent in the narrative, there is the question of how identity can be created and restored: do we, the performers, control our own identities, or are we only who our audience perceive us to be? Today, I will discuss […]

Disguise, Satire and Vice in Eliza Haywood’s ‘Fantomina’

If you’ve never heard of Eliza Haywood before, welcome (and you can thank me later)! Eliza Haywood is the lady whom Alexander Pope attacked in his satirical poem ‘The Dunciad’, and Jonathan Swift once famously called a ‘stupid, infamous woman’. Haywood wrote and published over seventy works during her lifetime including fiction, drama, translations, poetry, […]

Poet/Reader Intimacy in Lord Byron’s ‘Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage’

In Byron’s poem, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, the first two cantos of which were published in 1812, Byron does something very similar to his teasing in Lara, A Tale, tactfully using language to coax his reader into complicity with actions considered immoral and deviant in the time that the poem was written. In canto I, Childe […]

Speaking of Suffering in William Wordsworth’s ‘Three years she grew in sun and shower’

Happy New Year! Here’s to a year of growth, success, love & good literature. All the best! ♡ This year I want to read more poetry so I’m kicking off 2019 with a post on William Wordsworth’s poem, ‘Three years she grew in sun and shower’. To speak of suffering in literature is hazardous; it […]

Edmund Spenser’s ‘Sonnet 75’: The Immortality of Poetry

Edmund Spenser’s beautiful Sonnet 75 articulates the power of poetry. The speaker of the poem expresses the idea that while death is universally inescapable, through poetry, we can become immortal. Although this is something that is related to us in the narrative of the sonnet, this idea becomes resonant through Spenser’s employment of poetic devices […]

Why Sara Teasdale’s ‘A November Night’ Needs no Critical Analysis

As you may have gathered by now, ‘Lamb, No Lion’ is about sensitivity, sentimentality and tenderness in literature. I have sought to find the softness and delicacy in literature and to share it here — I’ve discussed the light playfulness that exists in Joyce’s heavy novel, Ulysses and the infrequent moments of beautiful meaning in Hemingway’s The Sun […]

Love in Ernest Hemingway’s ‘The Sun Also Rises’

  In September I travelled to the beautiful Spanish capital, Madrid, with my boyfriend to celebrate his 21st birthday. I thought there would be no better time to re-visit Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises, which takes the reader from Paris, to Burgette, to Pamplona, and finally, to Madrid. With all the construction taking place in the streets, it was hard […]

Tragic Effect in Webster’s ‘The White Devil’

HAPPY HALLOWEEN! I thought today would be the perfect day to discuss a chilling play, John Webster’s The White Devil. The White Devil is a bloody Jacobean revenge play. With its scheming, seduction, horrible murders and powerful female lead (the courtroom scene is incredible), Webster’s play is one of my favourites of the era. Today […]

A Discussion of Reason in John Wilmot’s ‘A Satyr Against Reason and Mankind’

There weren’t many English Literature courses that my university offered that didn’t excite me, but ‘Satire and The Novel’ was definitely one of them. For some reason unbeknownst to me, I chose this course as one of my three choices for the first semester of my second year at university and after the first lecture, […]

Word and Action in ‘Titus Andronicus’

In my last post (part one of this discussion), I talked about the delicate balance between word and action that must be persevered in Shakespeare’s narrative poem, ‘The Rape of Lucrece’. This post will be concerned with Shakespeare’s bloody play, Titus Andronicus, and the role that rhetoric and action play in that text. Shakespeare does something […]